Traceability is the ability to trace all processes, from raw material sourcing to production, consumption and disposal, to have a clear, certain summary picture of when and where the product was produced and by whom.
Traceability has been defined in ISO 9001 by the International Organization for Standardization.
Traceability consists of recording necessary information This information is monitored in all processes: procurement of raw materials and parts to the processing, assembly, distribution and sales stages. The purpose is to ensure that the history of a part can be traced.
There are two types of traceability:
- Chain traceability
- Internal traceability
Chain traceability means that the history of the product can be traced forward or backward from the sourcing of raw materials and parts to processing, distribution, and sale. This allows manufacturers to simplify the investigation of causes and product recalls if unexpected problems have arisen. Consumers can also use this traceability as a benchmark for selecting highly reliable products.
Internal traceability means tracking the movement of parts/products within a specific limited area in an entire supply chain, such as a single company or a single plant.
If a quality problem occurs, the manufacturer must act promptly to remedy it. An ineffective response will create distrust among consumers or business partners that may even jeopardize the company’s very existence.
Laser marking for traceability
Laser marking is the most effective traceability tool on the market. Arca can provide laser markers or laser marking stations for any component by marking it with a unique recognition code.